Gartner整理的未来5年流行技术词

这两周梳理了一下Gartner上新技术点,看到这篇点,感觉还挺有意思,试着简单翻译了一下,有些词我也在网上又搜索了一番,也学习学习.

Glossary of Emerging Technology Trends

Digitalization is boundless, A dozen other emerging technology trends are destined to improve trend sensing over the next 5 years

数字化是无限的,十多种新兴技术趋势注定要在未来5年内会非常流行。

4D printing (4DP)

4D printing (4DP), dynamic, self-assembling materials, will continue to disrupt product design and delivery in the automotive, defense, medical and other sectors.

动态的自组装材料将继续影响汽车,国防,医疗和其他领域的产品设计和交付。

5G

5G is more enterprise-business-focused than earlier generations of cellular standards, and will enable enhanced mobile broadband and massive machine-type communications.

相比早起几代的蜂窝标准,5G要更加关注企业业务,并且增大移动带宽和支持大规模的机器通信。

Autonomous vehicles

Autonomous vehicles today are mostly designated “Level 2” –
fully autonomous. “Level 5” technology will take at least a decade to mature. Autonomous vehicles spell big changes for how people move around and what activities they can engage in while in the vehicle.

今天大多被指定为“2级” – 完全自主。 “5级”技术至少需要十年时间才能成熟。 自动驾驶汽车对人们如何出行及其人在车中的可以做什么活动会有非常大的改变。

Come 2040, almost half of vehicles on the road will be autonomous

预测在2040年,路上的车几乎有一半将会自动驾驶。

Cloud to the edge

refers to a computing approach that blends cloud computing and edge computing to simplify the delivery, coordination, and operation of data and services.

是指融合了云计算和边缘计算的计算,这样可以简化数据和服务的交付,协调和运营。

By 2022, 75% of enterprise-generated data will be created and processed outside the traditional cloud

到2022年,有企业产生数据的75%将会在传统云之外长生和处理。

Continuous adaptive risk and trust

Continuous adaptive risk and trust (CARTA) is a strategic approach to ensure digitalization is assessed continuously and in real time.

持续的适应性风险和信任是确保数字化持续实时评估的战略方法。

Conversational platforms

Conversational platforms(e.g., chatbots) will advance to include context, maintain a dialogue and handle more complex interactions.

会话平台(例如,聊天机器人)将推进包括上下文,维持对话和处理更复杂的交互。

Between 2017 and 2021, customer service interactions handled by AI will increase 400%

在2017到2021年间,由AI来为客户提供交互的服务将会增长400%。

Dark data

Dark data is information assets that organizations collect, process and store as part of doing business but which don’t create any value. They desperately need structure and analysis, if only to justify the time, energy and money spent to store them securely.

黑暗数据是组织作为业务的一部分收集,处理和存储但不创造任何价值的信息资产。 他们迫切需要组织和分析,或许可以证明安全存储它们所花费的时间,精力和金钱是需要的。

If left untamed, dark data can cost companies up to $3.3 billion by 2020

如果放之不管,到2020年黑暗数据将会消耗公司33亿美元。

Digital twins

Digital twins are dynamic software models of real-world entities or systems used to optimize process efficiency, effectiveness and customer outcomes.

数字双生是现实世界实体或者系统的动态软件模型,用于优化流程的效率,有效性和客户结果。

Event-driven architecture

Event-driven architecture drives real-time situational awareness and efficient management of business decisions. In an event-driven architecture, the enterprise is continuously sensing, always learning and ready to respond automatically to events.

事件驱动的体系结构可以驱动实时情景感知和有效业务决策管理。在事件驱动的体系结构中,企业不断感知,不断学习并准备自动响应事件。

Immersive technologies

Immersive technologies create 3D sensory virtual environments in which users can more intimately experience and experiment with products and marketing.

沉浸式技术可创建3D感官虚拟环境,用户可以更加亲密地体验和体验产品和营销。

By 2021, one-quarter of large businesses in mature markets will pilot and deploy mixed-reality solutions, up from 1% in 2017

到2021年,成熟市场上有25%的大业务将会使用和部署虚拟现实的解决方案,这个比例在2017年是1%。

Quantum computing

Quantum computing is expected to develop significantly within 5-10 years, and will likely be dedicated to solving problems such as developing new drugs and treatments, developing new materials and manufacturing processes, financial modeling, machine learning and AI, and logistics.

量子计算有望在5到10年内显着发展,并可能致力于解决诸如开发新药和治疗,开发新材料和制造工艺,财务建模,机器学习和人工智能以及物流等问题。

Unmanned aerial vehicles (UAVs)

Unmanned aerial vehicles (UAVs) are being produced and used in various sectors (e.g., agriculture, construction, real estate, oil and gas, security, delivery) at a breakneck pace. Businesses must prepare for the regulatory issues and compliance requirements affecting commercial applications of UAVs.

无人驾驶飞行器(UAV)正以极快的速度在各个部门(例如农业,建筑,房地产,石油和天然气,安全,交付)中生产和使用。 企业必须为影响无人机商业应用的监管问题和合规要求做好准备。

By 2024, the global market size for commercial drones will exceed $17 billion

到2024年,商用无人机的全球市场规模将超过170亿美元

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